Anxiety: symptoms, causes and treatments
The anxiety It is a mental illness that afflicts millions of people around the world. It is said to be the evil of the 21st century caused by the nerves of stress and rapidity in daily life that produces a series of symptoms until triggering this pathology.
Although we must differentiate between normal and pathological anxiety, and measures that may affect each of them.
According to the Spanish Society for the Study of Anxiety and Stress , anxiety can be defined as a natural emotion, but unlike others, it is of an unpleasant and negative type, which arises in a situation in which the individual perceives a threat.
So it can be given by certain factors, either by a stress situation, a serious personal problem or even for having too apparent cause.
Types of anxiety
There are many situations in which most people will have had an episode of anxiety. But the important thing is to differentiate when it is something normal or punctual and when it becomes a pathology.
If someone has anxiety, even if it is high, on some occasion, it does not enter into a disorder. But when the reaction is intense, it goes on for a long time, it can not control this anxiety, and it is chronic, so we talk about pathology.
Symptoms of anxiety
Many of the symptoms that anxiety presents may or may not be related to it, since some are typical of physical illnesses or other diseases related to the psyche. These symptoms can be experienced throughout various situations.
Nervousness is usually a common trend in this pathology. So people with more nervousness and alertness are more likely to have anxiety at some time in their life.
Other symptoms that accompany anxiety are the sweating, having tremors, fear that comes in the form of paralysis, fear of dying, muscular tensions, dizziness, tachycardia, stomach problems, difficulty breathing and a long etcetera.
People who suffer from permanent anxiety may have experienced serious episodes in their lives, but it is not proven, because many times it is not like that. They tend to be afraid that their family has an accident or illness, and tends to affect women most of the time.
Chronic anxiety corresponds to those who present some of the various symptoms for several times and on different days in a row. Then the level of symptoms may decrease. The anxious can experience these symptoms at various times in their lives, the degree of these varies to be higher, less or even nil.
But most of them must be treated to mitigate the symptoms and lead a normal life.
Treatment for anxiety
When anxiety can not be controlled, it needs psychological and psychiatric support. Before taking drugs, it must be the doctor who establishes if there are really continuous episodes of anxiety and link it with psychological help.
In a first term, relaxation, meditation exercises, continued psychological help and exercises proposed by the professional can reduce anxiety.
Therapy is one of the best ways for people to recover, although they must know this disease, make it their own and live with it many times, because only then can it disappear.
With therapy we know what are the causes of this anxiety and offer tools to change thinking. Sport, lead a healthy life, socialize, etc. They are other occasional remedies to deal with this disease.
But when the anxiety is chronic, it is necessary to act with drugs, always depending on the degree of anxiety of each person. These medications are usually encompassed within the anxiolytics, which perform functions of calm and tranquilizing effects.
Antidepressants also tend to occur in this type of disease. While these medications work normally well, they can cause dependence over time, so it is always advised that, when the symptoms decrease, the doses may be reduced.
Even if the symptoms are over, it does not mean that the anxiety has disappeared, it is the psychotherapy professional who will decide whether to continue with it, since many people relapse in another situation of anguish. This article is published for informational purposes only. It can not and should not replace the consultation with a Psychologist. We advise you to consult your trusted Psychologist. ThemesAnxiety