Effects of cold on injuries

As we recently discovered what are the main effects of heat on injuries, if you usually practice sports or some other physical exercise it is advisable to know what to do and how to act when a sports injury occurs. Hence, in the case of cold application, it is not only useful to know when to apply cold in an injury, but what are its main effects on our body and particularly on the area we are going to treat.

As we have already mentioned on several occasions, when we practice sports we can suffer a blow, a sprain, a sprain, a contracture ... and even a muscle and / or joint injury, which will cause a hemorrhage and subsequently an inflammatory process that will result in the appearance of the traditional inflammation and pain.

In the particular case of the application of cold, this is more advisable in the first 24-48 hours, being particularly ideal in case of blows, contractures, sprains and bruises; in short, for any acute injury of ligaments, muscles, tendons and bones.

The effects of cold on the following are the following:

  • It relieves the sharp pains, by acting on the nerve endings, so that the sensation of pain diminishes.
  • Relieves muscle spasm.
  • Reduces loose blood by exerting a vasoconstrictor effect.
  • Decreases the extent of bleeding.
  • Decreases the inflammatory process.
  • Reduces the metabolism of tissues.
  • Reduces the spread of injured tissue due to local lack of oxygen.

On the other hand, the application of cold is not only interesting in case of injury. By acting as a natural anti-inflammatory it prevents the muscles from becoming inflamed excessively, hence it is ideal after having practiced sports or some physical exercise.

Image | Marc Samsom TopicsExercise Sports injuries

Cold Injuries Causes and Treatments (September 2021)