How to fight colds and flu

Inevitably, during the cold months the flu usually makes an appearance and with it the health suffers. Constipation, cough, mucus, bronchitis, and other, more complicated conditions can lead to illnesses if not treated properly.

The way to prevent the flu in the winter months is to lead a healthy lifestyle. That is, to feed correctly with enough nutrients to provide energy and take into account a series of habits.

You should also see the doctor first to ask about the different vaccinations that are necessary.

Basic measures to avoid the flu

The health department of the Community of Madrid establishes some essential tips not to catch the flu in these months. It is important to take care of personal hygiene and avoid contact with sweat and utensils for eating or personal hygiene with people who have the flu or have passed it recently because of it.

On the other hand, stresses maintaining a balanced diet, not forgetting the natural fruit rich in vitamins, especially vitamin C, as is the case of citrus. It is also vital to adequately protect oneself from temperature contrasts, such as cold outside and indoor heat that seriously damage health, and are responsible for the fact that colds are really protagonists of the colder months.

Health recommends that the best prevention is the vaccine, but always in cases where it is necessary, and should begin to be administered from October to be effective.

The best foods to deal with the flu


The fruit in general will help fight the cold, but especially citrus fruits such as orange or lemon are perfect for their increases in vitamins A and C compared to other kinds of fruit.

If we add honey to these juices, much better, by protecting the digestive system in a great way. It is good to prepare natural juices, because they help to fight general colds, reduce sore throat and cough.


They go well for many other things because they give us the energy we need when we go a little stressed and to face the harsh winter months. The walnuts or almonds are some of the best nuts to possess minerals and vitamins, some of which prevent colds.


This food is usually recommended when there is nasal congestion and it is difficult for us to breathe. One of the advantages of onion is that it strengthens the immune system and offers the strength that is needed.


Vegetables have vitamins and are needed every day to regulate the body. Green leafy vegetables have several benefits.

This is the case of spinach, which has iron, fiber, and puts us on alert when we are much lower in energy. Along with this, broccoli, rich in vitamins B2, rejuvenates the immune system and protects the heart.

Other foods

Legumes, eggs ... other foods are recognized for their properties. And they all carry zinc, like eggs or some vegetables, which prevent certain diseases, especially from colds.

Other useful tips

Good cleaning habits

The OCU, Organization of Consumers and Users, also recommends measures to deal with the flu. For example, it emphasizes extreme hygiene, being able to wash hands thoroughly and frequently, with soap and water.

Especially when it has sneezed or we have coughed. Bacteria that are deposited on the hands are usually responsible, to a greater extent, for diseases such as influenza. At the time of coughing, it is not enough to cover it with your hand because this is what leaves bacteria in them, but it is better to cover yourself with your arm and elbow.

When we sneeze it is better to do it thanks to a disposable handkerchief, which should be immediately thrown away. The OCU also advises to ventilate the rooms well, because although the cold may seem that the rooms are cooled, it is the opposite, the bacteria stay inside.


In the healthy lifestyle to prevent colds comes the practice of some kind of sport, always regularly. Make sure you do sports with the right clothes, short sleeves, because you will sweat, and be able to warm up later, even if you are hot, because cold outside is important. This article is published for informational purposes only. It can not and should not replace the consultation with a Physician. We advise you to consult your Trusted Doctor. ThemesFlu

Cold And Flu | How To Treat Yourself At Home (July 2024)