Hypothyroidism: what it is, symptoms, causes and treatment

The hypothyroidism is a well-known health disorder more than hyperthyroidism, equally common than the previous one, but popularly less known by many people.

Basically Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is not able to produce enough thyroid hormones, therefore consisting of decreased levels of these hormones in both the blood plasma and the body.

What is hypothyroidism?

As we have indicated you previously, Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland is not able to produce enough thyroid hormones.

This translates, therefore, in that a decreased levels of thyroid hormones in the blood plasma, and in turn finally in our body.

Causes of hypothyroidism

With reference to Causes of hypothyroidism It is convenient to keep in mind that one of the most common causes is the inflammation of the thyroid gland, a condition that causes damage to your cells.

Bearing this in mind, it is also convenient to keep in mind other Common causes of hypothyroidism:

  • Birth defects at birth
  • Radioactive iodine used in the treatment of an overactive thyroid
  • Radiation therapies around the neck
  • Surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland
  • Viral thyroiditis
  • Consumption of drugs such as those used for hyperthyroidism, lithium, radiation to the brain or amiodarone.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism

  • Sensitivity to cold
  • Constipation
  • Depression
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Heavy menstrual periods
  • Hair and nails weak and brittle
  • Weakness
  • Weight gain involuntarily
  • Hoarseness
  • Swelling of face, hands and feet
  • Slow thickening
  • Fatigue or slowness
  • Dry skin or pallor

Treatment of hypothyroidism

The main objective of the treatment is to replace the lack of thyroid hormone.

For this reason, one of the most used medications is levothyroxine, prescribing it in a low way to alleviate the symptoms effectively so that the hormone levels in turn have a normal range.

It is convenient to keep in mind that the therapy is required for life, unless the person has a condition called transistory viral thyroiditis.

More information | Medline Plus This article is published for informational purposes only. It can not and should not replace the consultation with a Physician. We advise you to consult your Trusted Doctor.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism (September 2019)