Main diseases of the testicles and their symptoms

The testicles they are glandular organs that are part of the male reproductive system. They are responsible for producing the sperm and sex hormones of man also known as testosterone

The testicles are always in even number throughout the entire region perineal just below the penis. They are wrapped by a set of folds and skin that together form what is known as scrotum, who is in charge of keeping the sperm at 1.3 degrees less than the rest of the body temperature.

Throughout history, many diseases have appeared along the testicles. This is because it is an area of ​​the most sensitive since it has multitude of nerve endings that makes the testicles very prone to suffer all kinds of pathologies like the ones that we are going to describe next.

Testicular cancer

The testicular cancer it is without a doubt one of the most widespread tumors among men of any age. It is characterized by being malignant origin and it is very prone to expand at a great speed. Therefore, it seems very important to treat it in the as soon as possible if we do not want it to endanger the life of the person.

Among the most obvious symptoms of testicular cancer, it should be noted the inflammation of one of the two bags accompanied by a intense pain in the area. This can cause acute discomfort in the back. To remedy it, it will be necessary to carry out medical check-ups accompanied after a specific medication together chemotherapy sessions.


This condition is characterized by accumulation of fluids around a testicle what can be translated in inflammation of the entire scrotum. Receives the name of hydrocele and before any pain in the area the best thing to do is go to our trusted urologist so that this one gives us a much more specific treatment.

In most cases, simply make a small incision or surgery on the testicle itself to drain the affected area and say goodbye to this accumulation of liquids.

Cysts of fat in the testicle

They also receive the name of "Cysts of epididymis " and is characterized by the formation of small balls of fat that usually appear at the top or back of the testicle. It is a pathology where the patient will suffer a strong pain and discomfort in the entire crotch area.

The positive part of testicular cysts is that they tend to be completely benign and in most cases will disappear with the passage of time or simply performing a small surgery in the affected area.


The well-known as "varicocele" consists in the dilation of the testicular veins, a condition that can be transmitted from parents to children without any problem. Or also when performing efforts of a great physical load when lifting objects that are too heavy.

The symptoms of Varicocele is characterized by acute pain in both testicles which can then lead to a decrease in the size of them. If it lasts for a long time, it can cause the man to stay infertile for a long period of time. Although this problem can be solved by practicing a simple surgery.

Twisting of the testicles

The testicular torsion It happens when one of the testicles turns over itself causing it to be completely blocked. This situation causes blood circulation to be interrupted, causing a "Testicular infarction" which will make it unusable and not produce more sperm and testosterone.

It usually appears in both young and middle-aged men, even when they are sleeping. To remedy this testicular torsion, the best thing to do is to perform a surgery as soon as possible. This article is published for informational purposes only. It can not and should not replace the consultation with a Physician. We advise you to consult your Trusted Doctor.

Medical Animation: Testicular Cancer (June 2024)