Minerals: types of minerals and benefits

Just like vitamins, minerals they are practically essential nutrients for the correct functioning of our organism; that is, so that our body does not lack anything and works correctly and effectively.

We can find them in the food we consume every day, and only a properly varied diet can assure us that we have everything, and that we will not have shortages.

Of course, as with vitamins, the excesses of certain minerals can alter the body. For this reason, this question should be taken into account when we take vitamin supplements rich in minerals.

What are minerals?

The minerals are inorganic micronutrients that are part of some element or organ of the body, such as blood or bones, and are acquired only through food (especially some fruits, vegetables, vegetables and other foods).

To put just a few simple examples, the minerals they activate the production of substances and liquids of the organism, they maintain healthy and functioning cells correctly, and they help in a positive way in the digestion or in the own breathing itself.

Among the most important minerals, and on which we will echo then, include: sodium, calcium, potassium, iron, zinc, fluorine, selenium, iodine and copper.

Benefits of minerals (Types of minerals that exist)

  • Sodium: Involved in the generation of nerve impulses and muscle contraction, at the same time controlling the accumulation of water in tissues (abdominal swelling and fluid retention), and heart rate.
  • CalciumAs you surely know, it intervenes both in the formation and in the conservation of the bones, as well as in the blood coagulation, the transmission of nervous impulses and the muscular contraction.
  • Potassium: Helps in the correct functioning of the heart and kidneys, contributing in turn to make a good digestion. It also helps in the transmission of nerve impulses, and controls water at the body level.
  • Iron: It is part of numerous enzymes of metabolism, and is part of hemoglobin. Its deficit produces anemia.
  • Zinc: It is necessary for the synthesis of DNA and for the regeneration of tissues. It is related to the production of energy, strengthens the immune system and is an essential component of more than 100 enzymes involved in the use of fats, carbohydrates and proteins.
  • Fluorine: Helps prevent cavities and is essential for a strong enamel, while also strengthening the bones.
  • Selenium: Preserves the elasticity of tissues, while reducing the risk of cancer and cell aging.
  • Iodo: It is part of the thyroid hormones, which control the development and growth, in addition to the production of energy within the cells.
  • Copper: Involved in a very diverse amount of enzymatic reactions of metabolism.

More information | Direct to the Paladar This article is published for informational purposes only. You can not and should not replace the consultation with a Nutritionist. We advise you to consult your trusted Nutritionist. ThemesMinerals

Micronutrition Pt 1 - Vitamins and Minerals (May 2023)