Osteoporosis in men

The osteoporosis It is characterized as a pathology that affects the bones, due to a decrease in bone mass, the tissue that forms it, both the proteins that make up its matrix and the calcium mineral salts it contains. Because of this the bones tend to be less resistant and more fragile, so that they break more easily after trauma and have a lower resistance to falls.

It is a pathology that has always been related to women, due above all to the decrease that occurs in the production of estrogen by the ovaries (and other hormonal deficiencies), as a result of amenorrhea or after the arrival of menopause. However, did you know that men also suffer from it?

Why does osteoporosis appear in man?

Although it is true that the appearance of osteoporosis in women is mainly due to different hormonal deficiencies and, above all, to a decrease in the production of estrogen by the ovaries, in the case of men it is usually associated with problems and disorders. doctors who predispose to a weakness and bone loss.

There are several diseases and disorders that can cause the appearance of what doctors call secondary osteoporosis:

  • Low levels of testosterone.
  • Diabetes.
  • Hyperthyroidism and other thyroid disorders.
  • Leukemia.
  • Chronic kidney disease.
  • Liver diseases.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Gastrointestinal diseases that cause poor absorption of both vitamin D and calcium.

There are also other causes that can influence the appearance of osteoporosis in men:

  • Family history of osteoporosis.
  • Age.
  • Prolonged consumption of certain medications (antiepileptics, aluminum-rich antacids, certain cancer treatments and steroids).
  • Unhealthy habits: drinking alcohol in excess and smoking (as they hinder the absorption of calcium by the body).
  • Little practice of physical exercise.
  • Low calcium intake

How to prevent osteoporosis in men?

The health advice is, in a certain sense, quite similar to the advice that we already offered on a previous occasion on how to prevent osteoporosis. However, this time we offer specific guidelines for its prevention in men:

  • Practice physical exercise regularly and avoid both sedentary lifestyle and overweight.
  • Eat one and a half grams of calcium every day.
  • Avoid diets rich in animal proteins.
  • Avoid foods with excess salt.
  • To help your body produce vitamin D, make sure you get a daily exposure to sunlight.
  • If you need to strengthen your bones take supplements rich in calcium and vitamin D (however, we always advise you to consult your doctor).
  • He ingests liquid in abundance.
  • Avoid alcohol and tobacco.
  • Rest every day at least 8 hours.

Image | PhotKing This article is published for informational purposes only. It can not and should not replace the consultation with a Physician. We advise you to consult your Trusted Doctor.

Osteoporosis and Resistance Exercise (March 2023)