Reducing X-ray tests would reduce the risk of cancer by 62%
For several years, different research and scientific studies have been carried out to verify which are actually the effects of X-ray tests on health, and its risks both exposure to low doses and exposure to massive amounts.
In this way, it is known that although the exposure to low doses of X-rays to which people are exposed each day is not harmful, exposure to high amounts can produce negative health effects, such as skin burns, Hair loss, sterility, nausea, cataracts, cancer and in more serious situations death. Therefore, they are not advised when the woman is pregnant, because it can cause birth defects and mental retardation in the baby.
However, the truth is that X-rays are especially useful for detecting diseases of the skeleton or soft tissues (for example, in the case of pneumonia, pulmonary edema, abscesses or lung cancer).
A study by researchers from the University of California Davis on trends in the use of computed tomography (CT) scans in children has recently been carried out in the United States. reduction of unnecessary scans, Y Decreasing the dose for higher-dose scans of computed tomography reduces the risk of cancer by 62%.
The research has been published in the digital edition of JAMA Pediatrics, and could verify that the doses of ionizing radiation of these tests tend to be much higher than the complete conventional radiographs, being in ranges related to an increased risk of cancer.
Taking into account that children tend to be more sensitive to radiation-induced carcinogenesis, while they have many more years of life to develop cancer, the use of CT in pediatrics should only be justified, not being recommended of unnecessary tests.
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