Seasonal flu: symptoms, treatment and risk groups

Seasonal flu is a common contagious disease that appears mostly during the autumn and winter seasons in temperate regions. Knowing your symptoms, who the risk groups are and their treatment will help you every year to discover how your prevention or healthy resolution is possible.

With the arrival of autumn It is very common that, although the first days are accompanied by the heat of the summer days (especially because the time itself tends not to change abruptly when a change of season occurs), it is usual that as the In October, the decrease in sunlight and the passage from a hot period to a much colder one influence the health of many people.

In these dates it is usual, in fact, that many people worry about knowing simple tips or tricks to help them when it comes to increase defenses, especially because the arrival of autumn is accompanied in turn by some of the most characteristic diseases or disorders of this time.

In addition to the so-called autumnal depression (also known by the name of autumnal asthenia), it is common for many people to tend to get sick from flu or colds.

For this reason, a useful option for prevent the flu (specifically, at this time of year it receives the name of seasonal flu) is vaccinated every year when the different Public Health Authorities start up the vaccination campaign.

Seasonal flu: what is it?

It is known by seasonal flu to an acute viral infection caused by a flu virus, there are three types of seasonal flu: influenza type A, influenza type B, and influenza type C (whose cases are much less frequent).

More specifically, the seasonal flu is commonly known with this name because it is caused by what is medically termed as seasonal epidemic, which are repeated annually during the autumn and winter seasons in the temperate regions.

Symptoms of seasonal flu

  • Sudden onset of high fever.
  • Dry cough.
  • Abundant nasal discharge.
  • Muscular and joint pains.
  • Sore throat.
  • Headache.
  • General malaise throughout the body.

Generally, most of these symptoms of seasonal flu they tend to disappear within a week without medical attention being necessary.

But it is necessary to take into account that in those risk groups seasonal flu can be a serious illness, and may even cause death. Therefore, in these groups, before the slightest symptom is essential to see the doctor as soon as possible.

Treatment of seasonal flu

There are certain useful medications in the treatment of flu. They are generally of two classes: adamantanes and inhibitors of influenza virus neuraminidase.

It is essential to follow a healthy life, and drink plenty of water, which helps to expel the virus much faster. In turn, it is useful to consume many fruits rich in vitamin C, which although they do not help prevent the flu, they are useful to reduce their symptoms.

We can also enjoy the virtues of many natural treatments that, in a healthy way, can be very useful during the time we are sick.

There are home remedies for flu that help a lot. For example, many of the properties of echinacea are ideal against influenza, especially if we take it as an infusion of echinacea.

It is also a good time to enjoy broths rich in vegetables, or soups or broths with chicken, which proved in a study to be ideal in case of flu or colds.

You have more information in our special about home remedies against flu.

What are the risk groups?

Although all people can get seasonal flu, it is necessary to know that there are risk groups whose consequences after the infection can become very serious. Not in vain, it is common and common that these groups have the obligation to get vaccinated every year to avoid infections.

Those who are at higher risk of complications are the following risk groups:

  • Children under 2 years old.
  • People over 65 years
  • People with certain conditions, such as: chronic heart, liver, kidney, lung, blood or metabolic diseases and immunosuppression.
  • Professional groups such as professionals and health personnel, nursery staff and children's education centers; and police, firefighters, teachers, and public transport workers.

How is seasonal flu spread?

The seasonal flu spreads easily, can be extended very quickly in those people who have contact with the contagious person.

It is common for contagion to occur when a contagious person coughs or speaks close to another individual, or when the hand is touched or it touches some object that the contagious person has previously touched.

For this reason, it is essential to maintain hygiene habits essential to avoid infection.

How to prevent the spread of seasonal flu?

The contagion is prevented above all by maintaining basic hygiene habits, such as:

  • Wash your hands regularly.
  • Cover your mouth or nose when you go to cough or sneeze.

More information | WHO / Health Portal of the Community of Madrid
Image | kat m research TopicsFlu

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