What are the main causes of female infertility

The feminine infertility it is a risk that any woman can suffer. There are several causes that can cause its appearance, and such a condition is perceived as the inability of a woman to conceive.

In fact, it differs from female sterility in that, in reality, infertility is the inability to end the pregnancy with the birth of a healthy baby. While sterility is the inability to conceive.

Although most causes are irreversible, some types of infertility in women can be treated and solved, thus increasing the chances that conception and ultimately pregnancy can be achieved.

What exactly is female infertility?

Infertility is the difficulty that some women have to get pregnant. That is to say, it's about the inability to get the conception.

It tends to be diagnosed when a woman tries for a year to get pregnant, and does not succeed. Women who have suffered spontaneous abortions on several occasions are also considered infertile. The probability that a woman is the infertile in a couple is 1/3.

However, this period is shortened depending on the age of the woman, especially when she is between 35 and 40 years old (as of this age, most experts advise asking for therapeutic advice quickly).

Main causes for the appearance of female infertility

Keep in mind that one of the main factors for female infertility is age, older women have reduced capacity ovules for fertilization for several reasons, which are detailed below:

  • Ovarian factor: this factor covers all cases in which ovulation does not occur. This is usually due to hormonal failures, either by default, or by excess of one of the regulators of endocrine function: either early menopause, ovarian failure, anovulation or polycystic ovarian syndrome.
  • Uterine factor: this factor includes alterations of the internal anatomy of the uterus that can be congenital or acquired, in specific can cause repeated abortions: uterine malformations, acquired causes.
  • Tubal factor: include all those fallopian tube abnormalities that hinder the encounter of the ovum and the sperm: absence, impermeability or obstruction of the tubes, salpingitis.
  • Cervical factor: in this case, the cause comes from anatomical and / or functional alterations of the cervix that interfere with the correct migration of the sperm towards the uterus and the fallopian tubes in their attempt to approach the ovule: impermeability of the cervix (polyps , cysts), previous surgery (conization).
  • Genetic factor: Chromosomal abnormalities that cause spontaneous abortions.

Likewise, having a history of sexually transmitted diseases can cause the appearance of infertility in a woman. But it is not the only cause. For example, health problems that can cause hormonal changes is also a possible cause for a woman not being able to get pregnant.

As indicated above, age is also important. In fact, starting at age 35, women tend to be more likely to be infertile.

Being overweight or being too thin can also contribute to suffer a state of infertility in women, you should look for the right weight

Some treatments for cancer, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy, can also cause the onset of infertility in a woman.

Environmental toxins, such as lead and pesticides, must be very careful not to be in toxic environments that contain these in high amounts

Excessive consumption of substances harmful to health is a major contributor to the occurrence of female infertility, these are the high consumerism of alcohol, drugs and tobacco by women.

A poor diet can also be a cause of female infertility.

Treatment for female infertility

The treatment for some of the cases of female infertility is given by the use of drugs to treat hormonal and ovulation problems, these can have side effects so it is highly advisable to talk with a health care provider about the possible risks and benefits of any of the medications that have to be taken.

The medications can be used alone or together with other treatments that help the ovum to bind with sperm, either by intrauterine insemination or in vitro fertilization, where procedures are performed in a laboratory to make the conception faster, and safer.

On the one hand, intrauterine insemination takes a sample of a man's semen, it goes through a procedure called "sperm washing" where healthy semen is separated from the rest of the semen.And this, is placed directly in the uterus.

While, in the case of in vitro fertilization, the woman takes medication to make the ovules mature. These are extracted. The semen that was collected from the man is placed next to these in a laboratory. Once some ovules have been fertilized, one or more of these are introduced into the uterus. Pregnancy occurs if one or more of these eggs are implanted in the wall of the uterus. This article is published for informational purposes only. It can not and should not replace the consultation with a Physician. We advise you to consult your Trusted Doctor. ThemesInfertility

Reasons for infertility (July 2021)