What is diphtheria and what is it?

The diphtheria consists of a acute infection (specifically an infectious disease) caused by a bacterium known by the name of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. This bacterium is also called Bacillus of Klebs-Löffler, discovered in 1884 by the pathologist Edwin Klebs and the bacteriologist Friedrich Löffler, and is characterized by being a non-capped, non-sporulated, non-motile bacillus that forms cultures with branched groupings.

This bacillus produces an infection that mainly affects the upper respiratory tract (mainly the nose and throat), although it can also cause damage to the heart and brain. The infection of the throat produces a kind of pseudomembrane - or cover - of dark gray color, fibrous and hard able to obstruct the airways. However, in certain cases, diphtheria can first infect the skin, causing skin lesions.

It spreads through the droplets we breathe, for example, from a cough or sneeze of an infected person or one that carries the bacteria but does not actually have any symptoms.

Once a person is infected the bacteria tends to produce a series of certainly dangerous substances, called toxins (in this case known by the name of Diphtheria toxins), which spread through the bloodstream to other organs, such as the brain or heart, causing damage.

These symptoms usually appear 1 to 7 days after the bacteria has entered the body of the infected person, and may cause a series of certain symptoms such as sore throat, skin ulcers, breathing problems, coloring of the blue skin, chills, a cough-like cough, drooling when there is about to be a blockage of the respiratory tract, fever, hoarseness and pain when swallowing.

As a consequence of the vaccination or generalized immunization of children Actually today, diphtheria is rare in many parts of the world.

Images | Yasser This article is published for informational purposes only. It can not and should not replace the consultation with a Physician. We advise you to consult your Trusted Doctor. ThemesInfections