What is mycosis: causes, symptoms and treatment
The mycosis basically consists of different or different diseases caused by microscopic fungi, which tend to multiply on the surface of the skin (superficial mycosis), or do so in the organs themselves. When this disease appears for the first time relapses are common, while medical treatment tends to be usually quite long.
That is, we are facing diseases caused by fungi. They are also known by the names of fungal infections or fungal infections, and are characterized by frequent and contagious diseases, but which can be curable by administering adequate medical treatment.
Surely you know that, in humans, we can find some fungi that normally live in our body. Some are present in our mouths, on the skin, in the intestine or in the vagina of women, and in most cases they are actually harmless. However, when they multiply considerably is when they become a problem, leading to alterations. At this time is when we are facing a mycosis.
Among the most common fungal diseases, cutaneous mycosis, which are those that appear on the skin as a result of the multiplication of the different fungi normally found in it. They are usually benign infections.
What are the causes of mycosis?
The original cause evidently is the multiplication of certain fungi that are normally found in some parts of our body. But, why is this multiplication or infection produced?
These infections arise when fungi attack the outer layer of the skin, either of the body or of the scalp, or also certain organs and parts of the body, as for example is the case of the vagina in women.
For example, for some fungal infections to occur it is necessary to have a moist skin, usually warm and dirty. Therefore, cutaneous mycosis on the sole of the foot is common when we walk barefoot on the floor of changing rooms or in showers of swimming pools and gyms, especially shared with other people.
It is also usual for this reason the appearance of the known as athlete's foot, an infection very common in athletes and teenagers as a result of having tremendously wet and dirty feet.
It is common that fungal infections are more frequent in people with some type of immune system deficiency, what is medically known as immunodeficiency.
Symptoms of mycosis
It is evident that, depending on the place or area of the body where the fungal infection occurs, its symptoms will be different, since the signs that appear before a fungal infection in the vagina will not be the same as one that appears on the skin. For example, in the event that the infection occurs in the vagina, it is medically known by the name of vaginal mycosis, caused in turn by the proliferation of a fungus called Candida albicans.
The symptoms of vaginal mycosis
- Itching, irritation or burning in the vagina.
- Inflammation of the vulva with intense red color.
- Pain that is felt especially when urinating and having sex.
- White and viscous discharge, accompanied by abnormal vaginal discharge.
The symptoms of thrush or mouth thrush
They form mainly whitish plates on the tongue and on the inside of the cheeks. It also tends to be accompanied by bad breath.
Symptoms of cutaneous mycosis
It usually affects the different folds of the body because they are areas where there is excess moisture and sweat, such as the groin, armpits, navel and the space between the fingers and toes.
Generally the lesion begins with redness, oozing and finally annoying irritation.
The symptoms of athlete's foot
It especially affects the spaces between the toes and is very common among athletes, teenagers and sea workers. Redness and blisters arise in the folds, which then end up becoming fissures.
What is the medical treatment for mycosis?
Before medical treatment it is necessary to establish an adequate diagnosis. For this, a microscopic analysis of the secretion of the lesion or a sample of the affected skin is performed.
Once the fungal or fungal infection has been confirmed the administration of antifungal medications is common, whether local or general, which will depend on the injury and its location. This article is published for informational purposes only. It can not and should not replace the consultation with a Physician. We advise you to consult your Trusted Doctor. ThemesFungal infections