What is the bacterium Helicobacter Pylori ?: symptoms and infection

Probably we are facing the best known bacteria in the world, although it was not until 1875 when different German scientists discovered some spiral bacteria in the epithelium of the human stomach, and finally in 1979 was rediscovered by the Australian pathologist Robin Warren.

It's about the Helicobacter Pylori, a bacterium of the kind Epsilon Proteobacteria, belonging to the order of Campylobacyerales, the family Helicobacteraceae and the genre Helicobacter, precisely the genus from which it derives its name, due to its morphological characteristic with a spiral shape. Hence, it is a bacterium capable of "screwing" by itself in order to colonize the stomach epithelium.

That is to say, is a bacterium that infects human gastric epithelium, hence it is considered the only known organism capable of surviving in such an acid environment. It is the cause of many ulcers and also some types of gastritis. In fact, when this is the case it is when it is medically known by the name of gastritis by Helicobacter Pylori.

Although in many cases people infected with it never develop any type of symptom.

What is the bacterium Helicobacter Pylori?

As we mentioned briefly, the helicopbacter pylori It is a bacterium of the typeEpsilon Proteobacteria belonging to the same time of the order of the campylobacyerales. It is characterized for being a bacterium that lives inside the organism of the human being and having spiral shape.

In fact, thanks to this feature, it is able to be screwed along the entire stomach epithelium.

Although the helicopbacter pylori is today one of the best known bacteria, it was not until year 1875 when it became known about its existence thanks to a series of German scientists who began to develop a multitude of research on the human stomach. Finally, the Australian pathologist Robin Warren He was in charge of studying his behavior within our organization in 1979.

How is the bacterium Helicobacter Pylori spread? How infection occurs?

Infection with this bacterium can occur in different ways. The most common is by eating contaminated food and water, or by sharing fluids with people contaminated through food or liquids.

As we have explained in the first lines, this bacteria is always lodged in the stomach of anyone during any age range. Although it is more propitious that this has a more severe effect on underdeveloped regions.

Once this is known, surely many will ask the following: And how is it possible to get infected with helicopbacter pylori? Well then we tell you:

  • Contaminated water. It has been shown that the transmission of this bacterium occurs mainly after the consumption of contaminated water. For this reason, it is usually given more in those countries where drinking water is conspicuous by its absence.
  • Food in poor condition. It is also possible that this bacteria is lodged in those foods that are in poor condition. In this way, it seems very important to look very well at the expiration date of certain food to avoid the spread of Helicobacter pylori.
  • Contact with stool and skin. Direct contact with the feces and urine of both animals and humans can increase the chances of transmission of this bacterium. To avoid this, it is best practice a continuous hygiene of eg toilets and bathrooms.

Main symptoms of helicopbacter pylori

Now that we have learned in depth the different ways in which we can get infected with the helicopbacter Pylori, next we are going to talk about the different symptoms that may appear.

First, it should be noted that this bacteria can cause mild gastritis (or inflammation of the stomach). This is because helicopbacter pylori produces what is known as cytoxine, a compound that has the most adverse effects on intestinal health.

It is also likely that with the passage of time they are appearing a series of ulcers throughout our stomach due to incorrect segregation of the mucosa. Finally, it has also been shown that this bacterium creates malformations in cells, a situation that can cause tumors and even Cancer.

All this will cause the person in question to suffer from anemia, burning, nausea and vomiting accompanied by too dark stools. To treat helicopbacter pylori, in most cases it will be enough to make a stomach biopsy or taking actions less invasive through blood tests or stools. REFERENCES

  • Correlation between Helicobacter pylori Infection and Metabolic Abnormality in General Population: A Cross-Sectional Study
This article is published for informational purposes only. It can not and should not replace the consultation with a Physician. We advise you to consult your Trusted Doctor. ThemesInfections

Helicobacter pylori and Survival in Human Stomach (December 2021)