What is vasectomy, when to do it and what is it used for?

Vasectomy is a surgery that is developed in men to prevent the passage of sperm through the vas deferens, which transport them from the testicles to the urethra.

It is a method of birth control that although it can be reversible In some cases, it is preferable to perform it permanently since the current surgical methods to restore fertility are expensive, difficult to perform and with low probability of success.

Before a vasectomy, the patient must inform his / her doctors of the clinical history and medications he / she ingests since, it is probable that he / she must stop taking medicines until after the operation; During the day of the operation it is recommended that you attend with comfortable and unadjusted clothes.

Vasectomy is performed through an operation inside the doctor's office. Through one of the two existing methods to perform the operation.

How is a vasectomy performed?

First method of vasectomy

For this methodological surgical process, the area where the operation will be performed must be shaved. After this, the doctor applies general or local anesthesia to the patient, eliminating the pain of the operation and keeping him awake at the same time.

Subsequently, the surgeon will make a small incision of the scrotum, ligate the vas deferens and proceed to cut them separately; The wound is then cleaned and closed by means of stitches or surgical gum.

Second method of vasectomy

In this second method, the initial process is the same. After this, the doctor by means of touch locates the vas deferens; continued to this a tiny hole is made by which the surgeon introduces a pointed instrument with which ligate and cut the vas deferens.

In the same way, the wound is cleaned and closed by means of sutures or surgical gum.

The patients, at the end of the vasectomy intervention, return to their homes on the same day of the operation and can resume their work after two days of rest as long as they do not require heavy physical work. After a week, patients resume their lives normally and can have sexual intercourse again if they do not have pain or discomfort; patients should use a scrotal supporter for 3 or 4 days after the operation to prevent injury and improve more quickly.

When is a vasectomy done?

  • Vasectomy is performed when the man is sure he does not want to have children in the future or does not want to have more children.
  • When the couple can not or do not want to perform another contraceptive method and decide to have a vasectomy.
  • When there are possibilities to transmit hereditary diseases and want to avoid.
  • When the couple's health is affected by a future pregnancy.
  • When the man does not want to use any method of contraception during sexual intercourse.

Vasectomy is a contraceptive method with high rates of effectiveness and safety. Patients who make the decision to perform a vasectomy should be aware that there will be no going back and that they will not be able to have children after the operation; However, right after the operation, it is possible to release some sperm, which is why it is recommended to use some contraceptive method in the first months of sexual intercourse following the vasectomy.

Similarly, it is advisable to perform a sperm count test after about three months of the operation.

People are not at risk when performing this therapy. However, there may be bruising, swelling, itching and bleeding, which disappears as the operated area heals.

Some people may manifest pains in the scrotum or pelvis known as post-vasectomy pain syndrome, which also disappear after a few days; except for a few cases in which surgical intervention was required due to stronger and more frequent pains.

Most men are satisfied with vasectomy and between couples enjoy not having to use contraception while having sex. Vasectomy does not affect a man's ability to have an erection or have an orgasm; He still ejaculates semen, only without sperm.

It does not increase the risk of prostate cancer or testicular diseases, nor does it prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections. This article is published for informational purposes only. It can not and should not replace the consultation with a Physician. We advise you to consult your Trusted Doctor. ThemesFertility

Vasectomy (July 2021)