Why do miracle diets not work?
With the arrival of good weather, the countdown starts for the summer, for which many people are encouraged to follow strict diets and exercise. In this sense, it is important to combine them well to achieve the best results. The most feared effect is, of course, the rebound effect.
The effects of miracle diets are devastating to health, since you lose a lot of muscle and water and very little fat, increase nutritional deficit, anxiety, stress, fatigue, hunger ...
Obesity in the world
Experts suggest that, progressively, we are moving towards a world of obesity. In 1975 the number of people with obesity in the world was 105 million, while in 2014 this figure was 641 million; a big increase that has made obesity experts have launched warning signals. The nations with the most obese men are China, the United States and Brazil; As for women, the countries with the most obesity are China, the United States and India.
The data in Spain are really worrying; our country is the second in Europe with the most obese, only behind the United Kingdom. About 25% of the Spanish population is obese or has problems of overweight, according to a study conducted last year by a group of researchers from Imperal College in London, in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO).
A disease that has tragic consequences on the health of Spaniards: increased heart attacks, liver diseases, diabetes and cancers ... and, in the future, things do not seem better: experts say that in our country there is a growing trend of the number of people with obesity problems.
Diets and rebound effect
What is the rebound effect?
It is a response of the human body when you abandon a diet too strict, such as those that are excessively low in calories, dissociated, hyperproteic ... All those considered "miracle", which promise a rapid weight loss, but in reality end in a recovery even faster of the lost weight.
What are the consequences of the rebound effect?
Not only do the lost kilos regain, but they tend to catch more and, in addition, increase the percentage of fat. By losing kilos quickly what is achieved is to lose some fat, but fundamentally muscle and water is lost. Therefore, when the diet is abandoned, the body tends to recover its balance by accumulating fat.
How to learn to eat healthy?
Avoiding the dreaded rebound effect is possible if you change your eating habits and learn to eat properly. This does not mean that you have to be on a regimen all your life; It is not about restricting the consumption of calories forever, but it must be done during a certain time.
Once the target weight has been reached, habits should be maintained so as not to gain weight again. If the rebound effect occurs, the solution is to return back to a balanced diet but moderately reducing caloric intake.
Factors that influence when following a nutritional diet
There is a wide selection of factors that influence. A man, as a rule, has a higher basal metabolism; that is, your body at rest burns more calories than a woman's.
You also have to take physical exercise into account in order to calculate the total caloric expenditure and make an adequate restriction. Regarding the contribution of other nutrients, during pregnancy, lactation and menopause, a sufficient intake of calcium and iron should be ensured.
Losing weight takes time and effort. This does not mean that you have to go hungry, but you can not lose weight by eating all the protein or carbohydrates you want.
For this reason, the most advisable thing is that a diet is made under medical supervision because it is not only about losing weight, but about gaining health. It is important to assess the personal situation of each patient, as well as their illnesses in order to design a diet with foods that can provide more satiety with fewer calories. This article is published for informational purposes only. You can not and should not replace the consultation with a Nutritionist. We advise you to consult your trusted Nutritionist. ThemesDiet