Why the belly swells: the causes of the stomach swollen or inflamed

It is quite probable that at some point you have felt the Stomach swollen. We are facing a very common discomfort, which although it can affect both men and women, is actually a common condition especially in women. In fact, did you know that one in three women suffer from belly swelling? Moreover, it is estimated that between 50 and 70% of women tend to suffer from swollen belly during menstruation.

It can become a problem certainly aesthetic, although it is rather an inconvenience due to the various annoying symptoms that tend to arise, especially because we feel heavy, sore and uncomfortable, it is common to tighten the pants that we put on, and these discomforts translate in turn irritability of our mind.

Medically the belly swelling is known by the name of abdominal distension. As its name suggests, it consists of the presence of a swollen abdomen; that is, it occurs when the ventral area is larger than normal. It is a problem that can occur in both thin people and obese people, but there is no doubt that the sensation of increased abdominal area is much more evident when the rest of the body of the person is within a normal (or healthy) ).

What are the causes of belly swelling? Why do we usually have a bloated stomach?

The causes that cause the appearance of a belly swelling are actually very varied. It can become a symptom of some digestive disorder or some pathology, although it can also arise as a result of certain dietary or eating habits that cause the appearance of the inflated abdomen.

Food intolerances

The food intolerances they become one of the most common factors as the main cause of belly swelling. We must differentiate intolerances from food allergies, since the latter usually cause much more severe acute symptoms.

When a person presents a food intolerance may be due to a non-allergic food histaminosis, consisting of an acquired disease without genetic basis derived from a certain gastric condition (such as gastroenteritis), a pharmacological treatment or a parasitism.

Among its most common symptoms, in addition to the belly swelling itself, we can mention: headaches, constipation or diarrhea, muscle aches and dehydration of intervertebral discs.

Irritable bowel syndrome

Also known simply by the name of irritable bowel, consists of an intestinal condition that in addition to belly swelling causes gas and flatulence, continued constipation that alternates with periods of diarrhea, cramps that only disappear when going to the bathroom, abdominal cramps, fatigue and upset stomach.

The truth is that for the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome to occur, it is necessary that the person feels these symptoms for at least 12 weeks throughout the year.

Dyspepsia

The dyspepsia It is characterized by the appearance of slow digestions and delay in gastric emptying, which causes intestinal gas, abdominal swelling and an annoying abdominal pain.

It arises mainly as a result of very copious meals, which cause the digestive process to slow down and produce a greater number of fermentations.

Fluid retention

The fluid retention also tends to be another common cause of belly swelling, especially when we have a tendency to edema, as a result of the accumulation of fluids in our body.

In addition to the own increase of the abdomen also it usually causes swelling of legs, tending to be in this zone much more intense.

Certain eating habits

As we discussed in a previous section, in many cases the swelling of the belly is due only to certain eating habits or certain lifestyles, without affecting their appearance any disease or health disorder.

For example, overeating It causes heaviness in the stomach that translates in most cases in the appearance of gas and flatulence, and in turn in the annoying swelling of the abdomen.

How to reduce inflammation of the stomach or belly?

Clearly, the key is to try to find out the cause that is causing the inflammation of the stomach or abdomen, and obviously try to avoid it.

For example, it is very common for us to feel inflamed when we suffer gastroenteritis, since the stomach virus tends to cause inflammation.Therefore, in this specific case is to treat gastroenteritis reducing its symptoms and, especially, in case of diarrhea drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.

Images | ISTOCKPHOTO / THINKSTOCK This article is published for informational purposes only. It can not and should not replace the consultation with a Physician. We advise you to consult your Trusted Doctor. ThemesGastrointestinal disorders

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