What are psychosomatic diseases?

In the same way that physical illnesses tend to negatively influence our own state of mind, often causing fear or worry, there is no doubt that many psychological problems and disorders tend to cause physical symptoms as well. They are the ones that, medically, are known as psychosomatic diseases.

It is estimated that around 15% of the European population suffers from psychosomatic illnesses, so we can say that this type of "diseases" are in fact very frequent. In fact, statistics indicate that a quarter of the patients who see a GP (or primary care physician) present them.

We can say that a person has a psychosomatic illness when he has one or more physical symptoms, that after a medical examination, these symptoms are not explained by a medical illness. That is, the doctor does not find a real physical cause that has caused the appearance of such symptoms.

On the other hand, even if the person or patient may actually suffer from a disease, the truth is that both the symptoms and their consequences tend to be more excessive, compared with what from a medical point of view would be expected, since the person He suffers from discomfort that causes great discomfort in his day to day.

It is common for these people to go from doctor to doctor in search of a diagnosis that does not arrive, and they continue feeling bad and presenting the same symptoms that took them for the first time to the specialist's office.

For this reason, it is common for doctors to treat these patients with the administration of anxiolytic medications, which calm the person for a while, then return with the same symptoms (or with a different one), simply because of something very simple: no The problem has been resolved.

We must bear in mind that most people who suffer from psychosomatic illness do not believe they have a psychological problem, so they continue to visit doctors' offices in order to find that disease or disorder.

But when you go a little further and investigate your day to day, it is common for these people to realize that there is something in their lives that effectively generates that anxiety or discomfort.

Why do psychosomatic diseases appear?

The causes we want to talk about are those that originate in each one of us, from our life, from day to day, in what we think, in what we feel, in what we do and what it entails.

The anxiety that generates the family, the care of children, the concern for the health and well-being of our people, the stress of work and above all in times of crisis such as those we are in are factors that influence and cause this disease that mainly appears in the causes that we mentioned in the other article.

But stress, anxiety, exhaustion, anguish ... can cause some emotional imbalance, leading to "physical" diseases of the digestive system that finally receive the name of psychosomatic diseases.

Those psychosomatic diseases they are produced by somatizations of the individual; that is, worries come to light in the form of physical illnesses, diseases that have nothing to do with what happens although most of the time it is the digestive system the one who receives all that information and reproduces the symptoms in the form of diseases.

Here we have to recommend that the healing of these diseases, in the case of digestive systemIt does not consist of eating a soft diet and avoiding certain foods that can worsen our health, but to heal our mood, to feed our optimism day by day, to make ourselves aware that worries are part of life and to carry them in the best way; that is why performing meditation and relaxation exercises will help our mind and body to be in perfect balance. This article is published for informational purposes only. It can not and should not replace the consultation with a Psychologist. We advise you to consult your trusted Psychologist.

Somatic Symptom Disorders Part II: Core Features and Treatment (February 2023)