Alanine: non-essential amino acid

If we take into account that the proteins they are macromolecules composed mainly of hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and carbon (although the great majority also contain phosphorus and sulfur), being formed by the union of several amino acids by peptides; the amino acids they are the elementary constituent units of these macromolecules.

They are known as amino acids, and they are divided into two types:

  • Essential amino acids: phenylalanine, leucine, lysine, isoleucine, methionine, threonine, tryptophan and valine.
  • Non-essential amino acids: aspartic acid, alanine, cysteine, cystine, glycine, glutamic acid, hydroxyproline, proline, serine and tyrosine.

Therefore, the so-called to the girl is a non-essential amino acid. They receive this name not because they are not essential or fundamental for our organism, but because our organism is capable of synthesizing them, and they do not need to be consumed daily from the diet.

What is alanine?

It is one of the non-essential amino acids that form the proteins of living beings. However, it becomes one of the most important amino acids.

The alanine synthesized by the organism finally leaves the bloodstream and is stored by the liver, where it will be metabolized. Through a process of gluconeogenesis it is transformed into glucose, finally being used by the brain, muscle, skin, retina and renal medulla, among others.

Alanine functions

Power source

Alanine is used as an energy source for the brain, nervous system and muscles. Hence its importance as a non-essential amino acid.

Useful in the metabolization

In addition to its benefits as a source of natural energy, it helps metabolize both organic acids and sugar.

Also, it tends to be involved in both the metabolism of vitamin B6 and tryptophan.

Control of blood glucose

Another of its interesting basic functions happens because it helps stabilize blood sugar levels. In addition, it is useful in the stimulation of the different antibodies that protect the organism.

Foods rich in alanine

  • Vegetarian food: vegetables rich in proteins, legumes, nuts and cereals.
  • Food of animal origin: eggs, beef, fish, chicken and dairy.

Consequences of alanine deficiency

The lack of alanine It has certain consequences in our body:

  • Problems of prostatic origin.
  • Predisposition to suffer infections.
  • Impaired glucose
  • Nervous disorders
  • Lack of concentration.
  • Muscular weakness.

Contraindications of alanine

Those who suffer from kidney or liver disease should not ingest large amounts of amino acids. It is best to always consult your doctor.

Image | jlastras This article is published for informational purposes only. You can not and should not replace the consultation with a Nutritionist. We advise you to consult your trusted Nutritionist. ThemesAmino acids

Essential and Non-Essential Amino Acids (in Hindi ) (April 2024)