The importance of egg donation
In recent years, one of the assisted reproduction techniques that has grown the most is that considered as ovodonation. That is, the use of donated ova in a completely altruistic way by different women so that others, with problems in their reproductive capacity, can realize their desire to be mothers.
In this sense, The donation of ovules consists in the altruistic, anonymous and disinterested delivery of ovulesfrom one woman to another, with the ultimate goal that the latter can have a child and be a mother.
What is egg donation? What does oocyte donation consist of?
In a natural way, every month a woman produces a mature ovule, which if fertilized by a sperm will become an embryo, develop during pregnancy, and finally end up being born if the gestation develops normally. However, when the mature ovum is not fertilized it will be lost during menstruation (or menstruation).
It is estimated that, approximately, a healthy woman has since birth about 400,000 oocytes in their ovaries, which consist of the immature forms of future eggs. During all the fertile period of his life no more than 400 ovules will come to mature, having the possibility of being fertilized.
The reason why only one out of every thousand comes to maturity is found in the fact that, each month, several oocytes start the same development process at the same time, but only one of them becomes a mature ovule, mainly because the others end up atrophying.
When a woman donates eggs these come from the natural reserve that exists in the ovaries, and that in most cases will never be used. That is to say, ovum donation does not mean the loss of something unrecoverable, since in fact we are facing a way to take advantage of some of the ovules that the woman will never "use".
In this case, we must define the egg donation as the anonymous and altruistic delivery of some ovules from one woman to anotherso that she can finally get pregnant and become a mother, through assisted reproduction techniques.
When is donation of ovules indicated?
Egg donation is especially indicated for women in whom the ovaries do not work, in those who carry genetic diseases that could be transmitted to their children, or in those women whose eggs do not have the sufficient quality to be able to gestate a baby.
For example, the ovaries may not work properly because of age, after having undergone surgery, or after having undergone medical treatment to fight cancer.
It can also be the case that a woman does not have an ovum, for example in a situation known as the precocious menopause, and that occurs when the menopause advances between 15 and 20 years at a time when it should occur normally. .
How are donated ovules used?
In the case of a donation of ovules, the ovules are then used from an assisted reproduction technique known by the name of in vitro fertilization (IVF). It is especially useful in infertile couples who have fertility problems.
In vitro fertilization consists in the fertilization of the ovules obtained from the donor woman with semen from the coupleof the woman who will receive them, in a special laboratory environment, by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (complementary technique that helps increase the rate of fertilization).
Once fertilized, the ovum is transferred to the uterus of the recipient woman, and rest is recommended for a few days to favor the implantation process.
It is, as we see, a tremendously important act of solidarity, given that it is an altruistic, voluntary and anonymous act, which allows a woman who wants to be a mother and who can not have her own ovules, the possibility of living the pregnancy and be a mother. This article is published for informational purposes only. It can not and should not replace the consultation with a Physician. We advise you to consult your Trusted Doctor. ThemesInfertility